Peripheral Progenitor Cell Graft in the Rat: A Technique of Graft Processing

  • Rudolf Peceny Department for Bone Marrow Transplantation, University Duisburg-Essen and Present affiliation: Klinik für Onkologie, Hämatologie und Immunologie, Klinikum Osnabrück
  • Jun Li General, Visceral and Transplantation Surgery, University Duisburg-Essen
  • Heidong Chi 3General, Visceral and Transplantation Surgery, University Duisburg-Essen
  • olav Dirsch Institute of Pathology, University Köln
  • Ji Yuan 3General, Visceral and Transplantation Surgery, University Duisburg-Essen
  • Dietrich W Beelen Department for Bone Marrow Transplantation, University Duisburg-Essen
  • Uta Dahmen General, Visceral and Transplantation Surgery, University Duisburg-Essen

Abstract

The aim of this study was to establish a procedure for blood progenitor cell graft processing in rats.  As a first step the mobilization protocol was optimized. The second step was dedicated to define the optimal  source for subsequent graft manufacturing: either peripheral blood or spleen. The third step was  designed to establish a protocol for purification of stem cells. 

The best mobilization results in terms of white blood cell count, granulocyte colony forming units (CFUG)  and CD90 positive progenitor cells were obtained after pre-treatment of the donors for 5 days with  recombinant human granulocyte colony stimulating factor (100 μg/kg) in combination with murine stem  cell factor (33 μg/kg). 

Splenectomy prior to mobilization increased the yield of stem cells from peripheral blood. The numbers of  CD90-positive progenitor cells recovered from the spleen of one rat after stem cell mobilization were sufficient  to generate one stem cell graft. 

Grafts containing 1 x 106 progenitor cells – and thus sufficient for transplantation - were obtained after Tcell  depletion and positive selection of CD90 positive cells. The grafts were characterized and showed a  purity exceeding 70%, a T-cell depletion of 3.6 log10 and a 3-fold increase in CFU-G compared to the yield  post mobilization. 

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