Improved Animal Model for Vibration Injury Study

  • Ji-Geng Yan Department of Plastic Surgery, Medical College of Wisconsin
  • Lin-Ling Zhang Department of Plastic Surgery, Medical College of Wisconsin
  • Yuhui Yan Department of Plastic Surgery, Medical College of Wisconsin
  • James R Sanger Department of Plastic Surgery, Medical College of Wisconsin and Division of Plastic Surgery, Zablocki V. A. Medical Center
  • Eric S Jensen Biomedical Resource Center, Medical College of Wisconsin
  • Hani S Matloub Department of Plastic Surgery, Medical College of Wisconsin and Division of Plastic Surgery, Zablocki V. A. Medical Center

Abstract

Hand-Arm Vibration Syndrome is a debilitating condition that affects millions of power-tool users in the  U.S. Research into its etiology has been hampered by deficiencies in animal models used for vibration studies.  Our objective was to design an animal vibration injury model that: 1) vibrates only the studied limb, not  the body; and 2) avoids anaesthesia, thus allowing purer focus on physiological effects of vibration while  reducing pain and distress for the animals, thereby enhancing their well-being. We compared advantages  and disadvantages of several models, studying body temperature, body weight, tissue perfusion, vascular  pathohistology, and general animal condition. Our model uses an apparatus that limits vibration to one  body part and a specially designed cage that minimizes animal stress and suffering, eliminating the need for  anaesthesia. It is ideal for the study of vibration injury, providing tissue damaged purely by vibration that  can be used for pathohistology and biochemical study. 

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