The Fracture Stress of Rat Achilles Tendons

  • Peter Chatzistergos Unit of Biomechanics, Department of Mechanics, School of Applied Mathematical and Physical Sciences, National Technical University of Athens
  • S I Tsitsilonis Department of Experimental Surgery and Surgical Research «N. S. Christeas», Medical School, University of Athens
  • A S Mitousoudis Unit of Biomechanics, Department of Mechanics, School of Applied Mathematical and Physical Sciences, National Technical University of Athens
  • D N Perrea Department of Experimental Surgery and Surgical Research «N. S. Christeas», Medical School, University of Athens
  • A B Zoubos Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Athens, School of Medicine
  • S K Kourkoulis Unit of Biomechanics, Department of Mechanics, School of Applied Mathematical and Physical Sciences, National Technical University of Athens

Abstract

For the determination of the fracture stress of soft tissues both the fracture force and the cross sectional  area are required. For short tissues these prerequisites are difficult experimental tasks. The determination  of the fracture force necessitates proper gripping without damaging the tissues or altering their properties.  In order to meet this challenge the rapid-freezing technique was employed, modified to ensure that the  tendon was not frozen. On the other hand an accurate value of the cross sectional area of short soft tissues  is difficult to be obtained using conventional techniques. In this context a novel procedure is proposed here  based on the histologically-measured cross-sectional area of the dehydrated tendon after the biomechanical  testing. Combination of these solutions permitted the performance of tension tests for rat Achilles tendons  and calculation of their fracture stress. The values of the Achilles tendon failure stress, as estimated above,  exhibited considerably lower scattering compared to those of the fracture forces. 

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