Physiological Particularities of Dromedary (Camelus dromedarius) and Experimental Implications
The one humped camel (Camelus dromedarius) or Arabian camel is an essential source of food and milk in many parts of the world and especially in developing countries in Africa and Asia.
The dromedary plays economic, social and ecological roles. In some regions, camels were expected to boost local tourism and bring much-needed funds to the local economy. The camel contributes actively to maintain the desert ecosystem. In fact, it possesses some unique qualities which make it distinctly superior to other domestic livestock.
The capacity of the dromedary to live under desert conditions and to survive in the incredibly hard environment of the Sahara is due to its biological and physiological particularities. All the functions of the dromedary organism are conceived to be physiologically adapted to “water and food restrictions” and to a very hot climate.
We will review the homeostatic adaptations in relation to the physiological characteristics of the dromedary and the experimental implications, which result from these particularities. Indeed, the researcher must consider the specificities of this species at various levels of the experimentation (housing, acclimation, handling…) and must take consideration of the normal behaviour of the dromedary and its welfare.